The Case for Private Police

badge wallpaper

Could privatizing police services resolve many current issues with public law enforcement?

As you go about your daily life, I’m sure you’ve seen two different kinds of people wearing a badge. The first is the public law enforcement officer we’re all familiar with. Citizens pay taxes to the government in order to fund this officer’s activity, and we’re told that his department exits to protect and serve the community.  The other is a private security guard. His activity is funded by the private entity that desires his services, and his department exists to protect and serve the interests of that private entity.

While government regulations carefully distinguish between the roles and responsibilities of public law enforcement officials and private security professionals, they share a common motivation for their activities that makes them exactly the same in principle. That is that all police and/or security services, public or private, exist to protect the interests of their clients. In other words, they answer to the people who pay them, and they are held accountable only in as much as they fail to serve those interests.

In the case of private security this should be very obvious. Consider any common business where you’re likely to see private security guards.  For example, most privately-owned shopping malls employee such services.

Shopping malls employee private security because they have a vested interest in ensuring that merchandise is not stolen from their clients. They also have need to ensure that their customers feel safe and secure as they go about their shopping. However, shopping malls also have a vested interest in holding their security staff accountable.

If security guards are routinely rude and disrespectful to patrons of the mall, those patrons are unlikely to continue shopping there, and the mall will cease to be profitable. Further, if the rules that the mall asks its security staff to enforce are too restrictive and displeasing to patrons of the mall, patrons are again unlikely to keep shopping there.  The mall will again cease to be profitable, and thus the interests of the malls patrons are necessarily intertwined with the mall’s interests.

For this reason, every private security professional understands that his primary objective is to ensure that his client, in our example the shopping mall, has his interests protected. If the security professional fails in this mission, his client will quickly dismiss him in favor of a different security professional or firm that can do a better of job of protecting his interests.

But what about public law enforcement?

Undoubtedly, there are those in the community who donate their private funds to police causes, but at the end of the day, citizens are coerced into paying taxes, which are then allocated to the various branches of government by the state, including law enforcement agencies. If citizens are displeased with the police services they are receiving, they can write their elected officials and express this, or call the law enforcement agency directly and file a complaint, but they cannot dismiss public law enforcement officials for dereliction of duty as they could private security professionals that they were employing directly. The only entity that can dismiss public police officers is the state itself.

For this reason, the public police officer, just like his private security counterpart, realizes that he has an obligation to protect the interests of his client. However, his client’s interests are unique in that the state is never under threat of losing profitability because of displeased patrons. Citizens will be forced to pay their taxes whether they want to or not.

Consider then the practical consequences, when law enforcement fail in their responsibility to protect and serve the community.

In 1981, the court case Warren vs. District of Columbia was brought before the District of Columbia Court of Appeals. This case involved three women who had horrific crimes committed against them by men who forcibly broke into the building in which they lived. While two of the appellants had contacted the D.C. Metropolitan Police Department when the break-in began, dispatch and patrol officers failed to follow multiple department procedures. Despite arriving at the scene, officers did not investigate beyond knocking on the door, and then departing when there was no answer. As a result, a crime that could have been stopped within minutes of its beginning became a series of horrific crimes that lasted 14 hours.

The women who had endured these crimes sued the District of Columbia on the basis that Metro P.D. had failed to follow its own procedures, and in so doing, failed in its stated mission to protect the community from crime. However, the court ruled against the appellants stating,

“A publicly maintained police force constitutes a basic governmental service provided to benefit the community at large by promoting public peace, safety and good order. The extent and quality of police protection afforded to the community necessarily depends upon the availability of public resources and upon legislative or administrative determinations concerning allocation of those resources…” (Warren v. District of Columbia, 1981).

The court went on to say,

“At any given time, publicly furnished police protection may accrue to the personal benefit of individual citizens, but at all times the needs and interests of the community at large predominate. Private resources and needs have little direct effect upon the nature of police services provided to the public. Accordingly, courts have without exception concluded that when a municipality or other governmental entity undertakes to furnish police services, it assumes a duty only to the public at large and not to individual members of the community” (Warren v. District of Columbia, 1981).

In other words, the court was very clear that police do not exist to protect individuals. They exist to protect the state. Granted, the state attempts to hide this fact by broadcasting the idea that police exist to protect “the community” but the community is nothing more than a collection of individuals. It may be the case that the state’s interests and individual interests happen to align in many circumstances, but the fact that individuals have their interests protected by police in some circumstances is nothing more that a fortunate side effect. Whether the police officers themselves realize it or not, they are always acting in the state’s interests and will do so in any case where the state’s interests conflict with individual interests.

This is not the fault of police officers themselves, but of the incentive structures that are created by coercive taxation. There is no reason that public law enforcement services could not continue to exist as private entities. Whether individually, or as members of a neighborhood, private entities could employ private police firms to protect their own interests, just as many businesses do every day. In a free market, this would lead to competition among private police firms in which only those firms that provided the highest quality service for the lowest possible price would survive. If at any point, you were displeased with the police services being provided, you could fire your current firm, in favor of another, better quality one.

At this point, it is important to be absolutely clear that police officers themselves are not the enemy. It is undoubtedly true that many brave men and women have chosen to become police officers out of a genuine desire to protect their communities from harm. It would be wrong to dismiss the fact that police officers can and often do protect innocent people from harm.

However, when police brutality and other misconduct do occur, it is symptomatic of the incentive structures that exist within all tax-funded, state services. Because public police services answer to the state and not directly to the people, they will never have the same incentives regarding public perception and satisfaction that private security services do. Further, the state always has the incentive to use the police to further its own interests, even when that means ordering them to violate the rights of its citizens.

In summary then, all police and/or security services, public or private, exist to further the interests of their clients. As such, publicly funded police services will always serve the interests of the state, not individuals within their community. It will be impossible to quell the corruption that results from these incentive structures except via a free market solution, the complete privatization of police and security services.

And that is My 2 Cents. Take it for what it’s worth.

This article is available in video format here:

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Citations:

Warren v. District of Columbia, 444 A.2d 1 (DC Court of Appeals 1981). Retrieved from https://law.justia.com/cases/district-of-columbia/court-of-appeals/1981/79-6-3.html

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AOC’s Not So Just Society

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez has made a video for NowThis News laying out her so called #JustSociety. As per the usual, the five bills and one resolution that #AOC has endorsed are a compilation of economic illiteracy and identity politics that will bankrupt the nation and lead to untold poverty.

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Citations:

OECD (2019), Poverty rate (indicator). doi: 10.1787/0fe1315d-en (Accessed on 19 October 2019). Retrieved from https://data.oecd.org/inequality/poverty-rate.htm

Guzman, G. (2019, September 26). U.S. Median Household Income Up in 2018 From 2017. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/library/stories/2019/09/us-median-household-income-up-in-2018-from-2017.html.

Median Income by Country Population. (2019, October 1). Retrieved from http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/median-income-by-country/

United States Population (LIVE). (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.worldmeters.info/world-population/us-population/.

Poverty headcount ratio at $5.50 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population). (n.d.). Retrieved from https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.UMIC.

Hawkins, J. (2013, June 19). The 20 Greatest Quotes From Walter Williams. Retrieved from https://rightwingnews.com/john-hawkins/the-20-greatest-quotes-from-walter-williams/.

Agresti, J. D. (2019, August 26). The Poorest 20% of Americans Are Richer on Average Than Most Nations of Europe. Retrieved from https://www.justfacts.com/news_poorest_americans_richer_than_europe.asp.

Early, D. W., & Olsen, E. O. (1998). Rent control and homelessness. Regional Science and Urban Economics28(6), 797–816. doi: 10.1016/s0166-0462(98)00034-9

Sowell, T. (2014). Basic Economics. New York: Basic Books.

Hanson, V. D. (2002). Do We Want Mexifornia? Retrieved from https://www.city-journal.org/html/do-we-want-mexifornia-12236.html.

Roberts, J. M., & Olson, R. (2013, September 11). How Economic Freedom Promotes Better Health Care, Education, and Environmental Quality. Retrieved from https://www.heritage.org/international-economies/report/how-economic-freedom-promotes-better-health-care-education-and.

Economic Freedom Graphs: https://www.flickr.com/photos/shanedk/sets/72157646459874723/

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The Truth about Amazon’s “Our Positions” Paper

Recently, e-commerce giant #Amazon released a document titled “Our Positions,” in which they laid out the company’s official stances on public policy issues such as the federal #MinimumWage, #Immigration, and #DiversityandInclusion in the workplace. Unfortunately, while Amazon may claim that it advocates government regulations for the good of the people, careful analysis reveals that it is doing nothing more than advocating for regulatory capture to force its competition out of the market and grant itself a de facto state enforced monopoly. In this video, Nate the Voluntaryist, Nightshift10000, and myself analyze each policy point of Amazon’s paper and show this to be so.

This discussion was part of my second monthly patrons’ hangout for the month of October 2019.

Amazon’s “Our Positions” Paper:

https://www.aboutamazon.com/our-company/our-positions

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James Allsup Defends Big Government by Attacking Big Government (FULL RESPONSE)

Commentator James Allsup has made a video defending why we need big government in order to serve the people. Although I happen to agree with him about many of his points (such as the importance of the traditional family), I can’t help but notice that Allsup spends his video criticizing problems that are the result of government. Why then does he think big government can solve the problems?

Hashtags: #JamesAllsup #BigGovernment #Economics

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Citations:

Vandenbroucke, G. (2016, December 12). The Link between Fertility and Income. Retrieved from https://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/2016/december/link-fertility-income

Adorney, J. (2017, May 30). To Lower Health Care Costs, Try Freedom. Retrieved from https://mises.org/wire/lower-health-care-costs-try-freedom

Perry, M. J. (2017, February 9). 25 reasons why protectionism is taken seriously when it’s actually a form of economic suicide. Retrieved from http://www.aei.org/publication/25-reasons-why-protectionism-is-taken-seriously-when-its-actually-a-form-of-economic-suicide/

Furchtgott-Roth, D. (2014). Does Immigration Increase Economic Growth? Economic Policies for the 21st Century at the Manhattan Institute, 21(2), 1–18. Retrieved from https://media4.manhattan-institute.org/pdf/e21_02.pdf

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Economic and Fiscal Consequences of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/23550.

Meyrat, A. (2018, October 30). How Public Schools Indoctrinate Kids Without Almost Anyone Noticing. Retrieved from https://thefederalist.com/2018/10/26/public-schools-indoctrinate-kids-without-almost-anyone-noticing/

Chalk, C. (2019, March 21). School Teaches 5-Year-Olds About Transgenderism WO Telling Parents. Retrieved from https://thefederalist.com/2019/03/18/va-public-school-indoctrinates-5-year-olds-transgenderism-without-telling-parents/

Jerkovich, K. (2018, April 20). California School District Says Parents Can’t Pull Kids Out Of New LGBT Sex Ed Class. Retrieved from https://dailycaller.com/2018/04/20/california-school-district-parents-lgbt-sex-ed-mandatory/

The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Colombia University. 2012. National Survey on American Attitudes on Substance Abuse XVII: Teens. New York NY: Colombia University. Retrieved from https://www.centeronaddiction.org/addiction-research/reports/national-survey-american-attitudes-substance-abuse-teens-2012

Sowell, T. (1995). The Vision of the Anointed: Self-Congratulation as a Basis for Social Policy. New York: Basic Books.

Ebeling, R. M. (2017, August 7). Corruption Rises as Economic Freedom Falls. Retrieved from https://fee.org/articles/corruption-rises-as-economic-freedom-falls/

Rushe, D. (2018, July 2). US cities and states give big tech $9.3bn in subsidies in five years. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/jul/02/us-cities-and-states-give-big-tech-93bn-in-subsidies-in-five-years-tax-break

Kimball, S. (2019, March 31). Zuckerberg backs stronger Internet privacy and election laws: ‘We need a more active role for governments’. Retrieved from https://www.cnbc.com/2019/03/30/mark-zuckerberg-calls-for-tighter-internet-regulations-we-need-a-more-active-role-for-governments.html

McMaken, R. (2015, October 16). The Poor in the US Are Richer than the Middle Class in Much of Europe. Retrieved from https://mises.org/wire/poor-us-are-richer-middle-class-much-europe

Definition of “Happy, Merriam Webster Dictionary. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/happy

Lewis, C. S. (1963, December 11). We have no right to Happiness. The Saturday Evening Post. Retrieved from https://adropofhemlock.wordpress.com/2017/04/27/we-have-no-right-to-happiness-by-c-s-lewis/

Kenton, W. (2019, July 14). Examining the Pros and Cons of Trickle-Down Theory. Retrieved from https://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/trickledowntheory.asp

Iacono, C. (2016, February 25). The Myth of Scandinavian Socialism . Retrieved from https://fee.org/articles/the-myth-of-scandinavian-socialism/

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James Allsup Defends Big Government by Attacking Big Government? (Part 3)

Commentator James Allsup has made a video defending why we need big government in order to serve the people. Although I happen to agree with him about many of his points (such as the importance of the traditional family), I can’t help but notice that Allsup spends his video criticizing problems that are the result of government. Why then does he think big government can solve the problems?

This is part 3 of my response to James Allsup’s video, “America Needs BIGGER Government To Serve the PEOPLE.”

Hashtags: #JamesAllsup #BigGovernment #Economics #Government #Happiness

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Original Video:

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Citations:

Ebeling, R. M. (2017, August 7). Corruption Rises as Economic Freedom Falls. Retrieved from https://fee.org/articles/corruption-rises-as-economic-freedom-falls/

McMaken, R. (2015, October 16). The Poor in the US Are Richer than the Middle Class in Much of Europe. Retrieved from https://mises.org/wire/poor-us-are-richer-middle-class-much-europe

Definition of “Happy, Merriam Webster Dictionary. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/happy

Lewis, C. S. (1963, December 11). We have no right to Happiness. The Saturday Evening Post. Retrieved from https://adropofhemlock.wordpress.com/2017/04/27/we-have-no-right-to-happiness-by-c-s-lewis/

Kenton, W. (2019, July 14). Examining the Pros and Cons of Trickle-Down Theory. Retrieved from https://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/trickledowntheory.asp

Iacono, C. (2016, February 25). The Myth of Scandinavian Socialism . Retrieved from https://fee.org/articles/the-myth-of-scandinavian-socialism/

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James Allsup Defends Big Government by Attacking Big Government? (Part 2 )

Commentator James Allsup has made a video defending why we need big government in order to serve the people. Although I happen to agree with him about many of his points (such as the importance of the traditional family), I can’t help but notice that Allsup spends his video criticizing problems that are the result of government. Why then does he think big government can solve the problems?

This is part 2 of my response to James Allsup’s video, “America Needs BIGGER Government To Serve the PEOPLE.”

Hashtags: #JamesAllsup #BigGovernment #Economics #Government #Family #BigTech #Censorship

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Original Video:

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Citations:

Furchtgott-Roth, D. (2014). Does Immigration Increase Economic Growth? Economic Policies for the 21st Century at the Manhattan Institute, 21(2), 1–18. Retrieved from https://media4.manhattan-institute.org/pdf/e21_02.pdf

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Economic and Fiscal Consequences of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/23550.

Meyrat, A. (2018, October 30). How Public Schools Indoctrinate Kids Without Almost Anyone Noticing. Retrieved from https://thefederalist.com/2018/10/26/public-schools-indoctrinate-kids-without-almost-anyone-noticing/

Chalk, C. (2019, March 21). School Teaches 5-Year-Olds About Transgenderism WO Telling Parents. Retrieved from https://thefederalist.com/2019/03/18/va-public-school-indoctrinates-5-year-olds-transgenderism-without-telling-parents/

Jerkovich, K. (2018, April 20). California School District Says Parents Can’t Pull Kids Out Of New LGBT Sex Ed Class. Retrieved from https://dailycaller.com/2018/04/20/california-school-district-parents-lgbt-sex-ed-mandatory/

The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Colombia University. 2012. National Survey on American Attitudes on Substance Abuse XVII: Teens. New York NY: Colombia University. Retrieved from https://www.centeronaddiction.org/addiction-research/reports/national-survey-american-attitudes-substance-abuse-teens-2012

Sowell, T. (1995). The Vision of the Anointed: Self-Congratulation as a Basis for Social Policy. New York: Basic Books.

Ebeling, R. M. (2017, August 7). Corruption Rises as Economic Freedom Falls. Retrieved from https://fee.org/articles/corruption-rises-as-economic-freedom-falls/

Rushe, D. (2018, July 2). US cities and states give big tech $9.3bn in subsidies in five years. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/jul/02/us-cities-and-states-give-big-tech-93bn-in-subsidies-in-five-years-tax-break

Kimball, S. (2019, March 31). Zuckerberg backs stronger Internet privacy and election laws: ‘We need a more active role for governments’. Retrieved from https://www.cnbc.com/2019/03/30/mark-zuckerberg-calls-for-tighter-internet-regulations-we-need-a-more-active-role-for-governments.html

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James Allsup Defends Big Government by Attacking Big Government? (Part 1)

Commentator James Allsup has made a video defending why we need big government in order to serve the people. Although I happen to agree with him about many of his points (such as the importance of the traditional family), I can’t help but notice that Allsup spends his video criticizing problems that are the result of government. Why then does he think big government can solve the problems?

This is part 1 of my response to James Allsup’s video, “America Needs BIGGER Government To Serve the PEOPLE.”

Hashtags: #JamesAllsup #BigGovernment #Economics

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Original Video:

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Citations:

Vandenbroucke, G. (2016, December 12). The Link between Fertility and Income. Retrieved from https://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/2016/december/link-fertility-income

Adorney, J. (2017, May 30). To Lower Health Care Costs, Try Freedom. Retrieved from https://mises.org/wire/lower-health-care-costs-try-freedom

Perry, M. J. (2017, February 9). 25 reasons why protectionism is taken seriously when it’s actually a form of economic suicide. Retrieved from http://www.aei.org/publication/25-reasons-why-protectionism-is-taken-seriously-when-its-actually-a-form-of-economic-suicide/

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TYT’s Progressive Pledge Debunked

Cenk Uygur recently unveiled The Progressive Pledge, a five point policy plan that they wish for all progressive politicians to adopt. These are all issues I’ve addressed on my channel before, but decided to make a succinct summary of why each of Cenk’s five policies are doomed to fail.

Hashtags: #CenkUygur #TYT #progressivepledge #Government #MedicareForAll #GreenNewDeal #CollegeForAll #EndTheCorruption

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Original Video:

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Citations/Source Material:

Neumark, D. & Wascher, W. L. (2007). Minimum Wages and Employment. Foundations and Trends in Microeconomics, 3(1-2), 1-182. doi:: 10.1561/0700000015 Retrieved from http://www.socsci.uci.edu/~dneumark/min_wage_review.pdf

Pipes, S. (2019, February 06). Canadians Are One In A Million — While Waiting For Medical Treatment. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/sallypipes/2018/06/11/canadians-are-one-in-a-million-while-waiting-for-medical-treatment/

Roy, A. (2013, November 06). The Myth of Americans’ Poor Life Expectancy. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/theapothecary/2011/11/23/the-myth-of-americans-poor-life-expectancy/

Economic Freedom Graphs: https://www.flickr.com/photos/shanedk/sets/72157646459874723/

Saavedra, R. (2019, March 26). Ocasio-Cortez’s ‘Green New Deal’ Fails In Senate. NO Senators Supported It. Retrieved from https://www.dailywire.com/news/45143/breaking-ocasio-cortezs-green-new-deal-fails-ryan-saavedra

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Minimum Wage and the Handicapped Worker

While there’s no shortage of advocates for a higher minimum wage, many are unaware that the Fair Labor and Standards Act of 1938 allowed for employees with disabilities to be exempt from the federal standard. In doing so, the U.S. government implicitly acknowledged that minimum wage laws destroy jobs, especially those filled by low skilled, uneducated persons.

Hashtags: #minimumwage #Disability #DisabilityRights #DisabilityActNG #government #jobs #EmployeeAdvocacy #wages #wagepeace

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Citations/Source Material:

Freiling, N. (2014, September 18). Even the Feds Admit Minimum Wages Cause Unemployment. Retrieved May 16, 2019, from https://mises.org/library/even-feds-admit-minimum-wages-cause-unemployment

Rothbard, M. N. (2013, February 15). Outlawing Jobs: The Minimum Wage. Retrieved May 16, 2019, from https://mises.org/library/outlawing-jobs-minimum-wage

The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved May 16, 2019 from https://www.dol.gov/whd/regs/statutes/FairLaborStandAct.pdf

Campbell, A. F. (2018, May 03). A loophole in federal law allows companies to pay disabled workers $1 an hour. Retrieved May 16, 2019, from https://www.vox.com/2018/5/3/17307098/workers-disabilities-minimum-wage-waiver-rock-river-valley-self-help

Neumark, D. & Wascher, W. L. (2007). Minimum Wages and Employment. Foundations and Trends in Microeconomics, 3(1-2), 1-182. doi:: 10.1561/0700000015 Retrieved from http://www.socsci.uci.edu/~dneumark/min_wage_review.pdf

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Why Andrew Yang’s Economics Fail

Democratic Presidential Candidate Andrew Yang has been rising in popularity lately, particularly due to his support of a Universal Basic Income (UBI)/Freedom Dividend and a Value Added Tax (VAT). On February 12th, 2019, Yang appeared on the Joe Rogan Experience Podcast to explain his policy views. In this video, I debunk the Keynesian assumptions within Yang’s policies and demonstrate why his proposals cannot improve the economy in the long term.

Hashtags: #YangGang2020 #Yang2020 #FreedomDividend #AndrewYang #politics #government #UBI #VAT

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Original Video:

____________________________________________________________________________________________
Citations/Source Material:

Chen, S. A. (2014, October 29). Five Jobs That Transformed America. Retrieved March 20, 2019, from https://blogs.ancestry.com/cm/five-jobs-that-transformed-america/

Farm Population Lowest Since 1850’s. (1988, July 20). Retrieved March 20, 2019, from https://www.nytimes.com/1988/07/20/us/farm-population-lowest-since-1850-s.html

Hazlitt, H. (2017, June 12). Government Guaranteed Income is Not a Solution. Retrieved March 20, 2019, from https://mises.org/wire/government-guaranteed-income-not-solution

Why Alaska’s Experience Shows Promise for Universal Basic Income. (2018, May 10). Retrieved March 20, 2019, from http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/alaskas-experience-shows-promise-universal-basic-income/

De Rugy, V. (2012, June 04). Hauser’s Law: This Reality Isn’t Negotiable. Retrieved March 20, 2019, from https://www.nationalreview.com/corner/hausers-law-reality-isnt-negotiable-veronique-de-rugy/

Sowell, T. (2014). Basic Economics. New York: Basic Books.

Gramlich, J. (2018, May 02). U.S. incarceration rate is at its lowest in 20 years. Retrieved March 20, 2019, from https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/05/02/americas-incarceration-rate-is-at-a-two-decade-low/

What is Universal Basic Income? (2019). Retrieved March 20, 2019, from https://www.yang2020.com/what-is-ubi/

Nikiforos, M., Steinbaum, M., & Zezza, G. (2017, August). Modeling the Macroeconomic Effects of a Universal Basic Income. Roosevelt Institute. Retrieved March 20, 2019, from http://rooseveltinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Modeling-the-Macroeconomic-Effects-of-a-Universal-Basic-Income.pdf

Mani, A., Mullainathan, S., Shafir, E., & Zhao, J. (2013, August 30). Poverty Impedes Cognitive Function. Retrieved March 20, 2019, from http://science.sciencemag.org/content/341/6149/976.abstract

Rothbard, M. N. (2010, April 22). The Value-Added Tax Is Not the Answer. Retrieved March 20, 2019, from https://mises.org/library/value-added-tax-not-answer

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